It is the purpose of this website, to provide the best information, resources and education related to Texas Justice Courts. Small civil cases, debt claims, evictions, and landlord tenant repair and remedy cases, among others, are handled in these courts. We have designed this website to be very useful with accurate information and forms, user-friendly and easy to understand. We are committed to constantly improving it, so please check back often.
April 15, 2013, the Texas Supreme Court published new procedural Rules to govern over 800 Justice Courts covering 254 Texas counties. This was after a statewide Task Force over several months drafted the rules, public comment was invited, modifications were made and, the final new Court Rules were adopted. These new Rules will likely govern these Texas Courts for years to come. They govern cases filed on or after August 31, 2013, and cases pending on August 31, 2013. Except to the extent that in the opinion of the court their application in a pending case, would not be feasible or would work injustice, in which event formerly applicable procedure applies. With these new Rules “Small Claims Courts” in Texas have also been abolished.
Justice Courts are commonly referred to as the “People’s Courts”. These courts trace their beginnings to 1195 when King Richard the Lionheart commissioned knights as “Keepers of the Kings Peace”. In 1361 King Edward III modified this title to “Justice of the Peace” and instructed that ‘good and lawful” men be appointed in each county “to guard the King’s peace”. Much later, the State of Texas established similar offices by Constitution. Traditionally judges in these courts have not been required to be a lawyer, but many are and collectively, they handle tens of thousands of civil matters and misdemeanors. These courts earned the name “People’s Court” because of their ease of access, understanding and use. It is this centuries-old tradition which served as the foundation for the “plain English” new Rules.
We welcome constructive comments, suggestions for improvement and yes, occasionally applause. Thank you, for visiting our website texasjusticecourt.com and for telling others about it. While the new Rules are provide here easily searchable, with helpful tips and numerous additional resources... Please feel free to visit the Texas Supreme Court’s full version of the New Rules: http://www.supreme.courts.state.tx.us/miscdocket/13/13904900.pdf